7- The Subjunctive
The Subjunctive form has a special place in Kunaka grammar, because unlike English, it is commonly used in Kunaka for many different purposes such as indicating an obligation, expressing a request, a polite order, an advice, a suggestion, an intention etc.
! We may say that subjunctive forms refer to “may”, “should”, “let’s” etc. depending on the context.
The formulation of subjunctive form is quite simple as shown below.
Subject Prefix + Verb root + The suffix “ -ne “
! The subjunctive form does not include tense indicator.
Ashau-ne ( I should do )
Naanue-ne ( you may want )
Wamu-ne ( he/she may need
Teche-ne ( let’s play )
Saakoa-ne ( you(pl) may need )
Nusa-ne ( they should/may come )
Negative Subjunctive Form
The formulation of negative subjunctive form is as follows;
In + Subject Prefix + Verb root + The suffix “ -ne “
In Ashau-ne ( I should not do )
In Naanue-ne ( you may not want )
In Wamu-ne ( he/she may not need
In Teche-ne ( let’s not play )
In Saakoa-ne ( you(pl) may not need )
In Nusa-ne ( they should not come )
As mentioned earlier, the subjunctive form can be used for many different purposes in Kunaka. See the following example sentences.
Chonar ahone? : Where should I go? (Asking for advice)
Naakuane jaah : Please work ! (Polite imperative)
Tekoane Kunaka. : Let’s learn Kunaka. (Expressing a request)
Naaniene. : You should help him/her. (After expressions of obligation)
Wahole e tuatku wanaune ujete. : He/she went to bazaar in order to buy fruits. ( Expressing intention)
Chapter Test - 7
Please chose the one which best suits the following sentences. (The questions 1-4)
1- Anauta moqten, ______ zatna.
a) wazanu b) in zanu c) azanune d) azanu e) azanuta
2- Qua Arta wakka ran, ______ tarja.
a) wazane b) wasone c) asone d) wasoke e) waso
3- Artun ______ katela ontu pinte, use cheke ontu pinte wakka soa ekke.
a) in nuchene b) nuchene c) in wachene d) nuche e) in nuline
4- Ho e shenne, _____ .
a) tekuale b) akuata c) wakuane d) naakua e) naakuane
5- Leejan i na leetna nuleuga Kunaka, _____ Kunaka.
a) tepoke b) in teenae c) teenae d) tepo e) aenae
6- Ottua Raatan nukuaga un shenne, ______ dina.
a) in nuyene b) ayeke c) nupaye d) ayene e) nuyene
7- Tehota e Afrika, ______ ottua essa puoba.
a) teenae b) tesone c) tesota d) asone e) in tesone
8- Jaah ______.
a) naaniene oa b) naanieta oa c) waniele d) in aniene e) aniene onaa
9- In afau chonar _____
a) akka b) ane c) in ahone d) ahone e) ho
10- Azanude zatna, ______.
a) tezane b) tezale c) in aza d) tezake e) in tezane