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7- The Subjunctive

The Subjunctive form has a special place in Kunaka grammar, because unlike English, it is commonly used in Kunaka for many different purposes such as indicating an obligation, expressing a request, a polite order, an advice, a suggestion, an intention etc.


! We may say that subjunctive forms refer to “may”, “should”, “let’s” etc. depending on the context.


The formulation of subjunctive form is quite simple as shown below.


Subject Prefix + Verb root + The suffix “ -ne “



! The subjunctive form does not include tense indicator.


Ashau-ne      ( I should do )

Naanue-ne   ( you may want )

Wamu-ne     ( he/she may need

Teche-ne      ( let’s play )

Saakoa-ne   ( you(pl) may need )

Nusa-ne      ( they should/may come )

Negative Subjunctive Form

      The formulation of negative subjunctive form is as follows;

In + Subject Prefix + Verb root + The suffix “ -ne

In Ashau-ne     ( I should not do )

In Naanue-ne  ( you may not want )

In Wamu-ne    ( he/she may not need

In Teche-ne     ( let’s not play )

In Saakoa-ne  ( you(pl) may not need )

In Nusa-ne     ( they should not come )

   As mentioned earlier, the subjunctive form can be used for many different purposes in Kunaka. See the following example sentences.

   Chonar ahone? : Where should I go?                     (Asking for advice)

   Naakuane jaah :  Please work !                             (Polite imperative)

   Tekoane Kunaka. : Let’s learn Kunaka.                     (Expressing a request)

   Naaniene. : You should help him/her.                    (After expressions of obligation)

   Wahole e tuatku wanaune ujete. : He/she went to bazaar in order to buy fruits. ( Expressing intention)

Chapter Test - 7

Please chose the one which best suits the following sentences. (The questions 1-4)

1- Anauta moqten, ______  zatna.

a) wazanu            b) in zanu         c) azanune          d) azanu            e) azanuta


2- Qua Arta wakka ran, ______ tarja.


a) wazane            b) wasone        c) asone              d) wasoke           e) waso


3- Artun ______ katela ontu pinte, use cheke ontu pinte wakka soa ekke.


a) in nuchene       b) nuchene       c) in wachene       d) nuche        e) in nuline


4- Ho e shenne, _____ .


a) tekuale             b) akuata         c) wakuane          d) naakua        e) naakuane


5- Leejan i na leetna nuleuga Kunaka, _____  Kunaka.


a) tepoke             b) in teenae         c) teenae           d) tepo           e) aenae


6- Ottua Raatan nukuaga un shenne, ______ dina.


a) in nuyene          b) ayeke         c) nupaye            d) ayene          e) nuyene


7- Tehota e Afrika, ______ ottua essa puoba.


a) teenae         b) tesone         c) tesota        d) asone         e) in tesone


8- Jaah  ______.


a) naaniene oa       b) naanieta oa      c) waniele        d) in aniene       e) aniene onaa


9- In afau chonar _____


a) akka                 b) ane              c) in ahone          d) ahone           e) ho


10- Azanude zatna, ______.


a) tezane            b) tezale             c) in aza               d) tezake               e) in tezane

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