top of page

5- Time and Dates

Time related Words:


Tun : Hour, clock                           Anaqnesh: exactly

Dak : Minute                                Kucho: dawn

Nuka: second                              Sabbah: morning

Rutta: ¼                                      Naqmah: afternoon                              

Nus: ½                                       Nuq: night

Latna : time                                  Kainuq: evening



Choi Latna wakka arra? (What time is it now?)


Ex: 2:15 pm

(Latna) wakka Tua Tun o Chagui Dak naqmah.

(Time) it is 2 o’clock/hour and 15 minutes in the afternoon.

(Latna) wakka Tua o chagui naqmah.

It is 15 minutes past 2 o’clock/hour in the afternoon.

(Latna) wakka Tua o Rutta naqmah.

It is quarter past 2 o’clock/hour in the afternoon.


(Latna) wakka Bei Tun e kegui Dak naqmah.

(Time) it is 45minutes to 3 o’clock/hour in the afternoon.

(Latna) wakka Bei e kegui naqmah.

It is 45 to 3 in the afternoon.


! Whether you put the word “Time” = “Latna” is optional.

Before the word “o” and “e” comes the hour.

After the word “o” and “e” comes the minute.



! To avoid any confusion (for example if it is 5 am or 5 pm), it is always better to specify the time of the day at the end of the sentence. For example in the above sentence( 2:15 ), placing the word “naqmah” (in the afternoon) at the end of the sentence makes it clear that the time is afternoon, not midnight.

! Instead of 15 (chagui), rutta (quarter) can be used.(see the above example)


Ex: 19:00 = wakka lei tun kainuq.  (it is 07.00 pm)

(Here it is necessary to put “kainuq” (in the evening) at the end of the sentence  to differentiate 19:00 from 07:00)                                                                    

       07:00 am = wakka lei tun sabbah (it is seven o’clock in the morning)

Ex: 08:45 am = (latna) wakka seo tun e rutta sabbah. (quarter to nine in the morning)

                          (latna) wakka tau tun o kegui sabbah. (fortyfive past eight in the morning)

! In general, we use “o” to indicate some minutes past an hour

Ex: 3:20 pm : (latna) wakka bei tun o tu dak naqmah. (20 minutes past three in the afternoon)

     10:15 pm : (latna) wakka Cha o Rutta nuq.  (quarter past ten at night)


! “o” is used till 30 minutes past an hour, after 30 minutes past we use “e” (some minutes to an hour) to indicate the missing minutes to reach the next hour.

Ex: 10:40 pm : wakka Chachae (tun) e Tu (dak)  nuq.(20 minutes to 11 o’clock at night)

3:50 am : wakka kea (tun) e Cha (dak) sabbah. (10 minutes to 4 o’clock in the morning)

5:45 am : wakka meo (tun) e rutta sabbah. (quarter to 6 o’clock in the morning)

! For 30 minutes (half) past an hour “nus” is used.

Ex: 08:30 am : wakka tau (tun) o nus sabbah. (half past eight in the morning)


Vemon (Days)


Luve wakka chopai vemo? (Today  is which day?)


Vemochae: Monday (The first day of the week)        

Vemotua : Tuesday (The second day of the week)

Vemobei : Wednesday (The third day of the week)

Vemokea: Thursday (The fourth day of the week)

Vemogui : Friday (The fifth day of the week)

Vemomeo : Saturday (The sixth day of the week)

Vemolei : Sunday (The seventh day of the week)


Oma : week                        Luga   :  since

Luve : today                         Arra : now  

Meon : tomorrow                  Kutta  : early

Jule : yesterday                     Neta : always

Vevemo : every day              Asuti : later

Ussalatna : Sometimes           La : year

Lut :  date


Munan (Months)


Lachae: January                  Lalei : July

Latua : February                  Latau : Agust

Labei : March                    Laseo :September

Lakea : April                      Lacha : October

Lagui : May                       Lachachae : November

Lameo : June                      Lachatua : December

Luve wakka chopai lut? (Today  is which date?)

Ex: 21.09.2003

Today is Wednesday, Date twentyone September, Year two thousand three.

Luve wakka Vemobei, Lut tuchae Laseo, La Tua Dan Bei.

Chapter Test - 5

Please chose the correct translation. (The questions 1-8)

1- 06:00 am

a) wakka chae tun sabbah                            d) wakka meo tun naqmah

b) wakka tau (tun) o nus sabbah                     e) wakka meo tun sabbah

c) wakka lei tun sabbah


2- 06:00 pm


a) wakka meo tun sabbah                            d) wakka meo tun naqmah

b) wakka kea tun naqmah                            e) wakka meo tun kainuq

c) wakka meo (tun) e rutta sabbah


3- 09:30 am  


a) wakka seo (tun) o nus sabbah                  d) wakka seo (tun) o nus naqmah

b) wakka seo (tun) o rutta sabbah                e) wakka seo (tun) e nus sabbah            

c) wakka meo (tun) o nus sabbah


4- 11:15 pm


a) wakka Chachae (tun) o ratte nuq

b) wakka Chachae (tun) o ratte sabbah

c) wakka Chachae (tun) e ratte nuq

d) wakka Cha (tun) o ratte nuq

e) wakka Chatua (tun) o nus nuq


5- 09:45 am


a)  wakka seo tun e rutta sabbah                    d) wakka cha tun e rutta nuq

b) wakka seo tun o nus sabbah                       e) wakka cha tun o rutta sabbah

c) wakka cha tun e rutta sabbah


 6- wakka cha tun e tugui dak sabbah

a) 10:25 am        b) 09:35 am        c)09:25 am       d) 10:25pm        e) 10:35 pm

7- wakka lei (tun) o nus (dak) nuq

a) 06:00 am        b) 05:00 am       c) 05:30 am        d) 06:30 am         e) 07:30 pm

8- wakka chae (tun) o cha (dak) nuq


a) 01:30 pm       b) 01:10 am       c) 01:50 pm         d) 02:40 pm       e) 01:40 pm

bottom of page